ADMINISTRATION OF MEDICATION/EMERGENCY CARE
The Board of Education shall not be responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of student illness. The administration of medication to a student during school hours will be permitted only when failure to do so would jeopardize the health of the student, the student would not be able to attend school if the medication were not administered during school hours, or the child is disabled and requires medication to benefit from his/her educational program.
For purposes of this policy, “practitioner” shall include any physician, dentist, podiatrist, optometrist, physician assistant, and advanced practice nurse prescriber who is licensed in any state. “Medication” shall include all drugs including those prescribed by a practitioner and any nonprescription drug products. “Administer” means the direct application of a nonprescription drug product or prescription drug, whether by injection, ingestion, or other means, to the human body. “Nonprescription drug product” means any nonnarcotic drug product which may be sold without a prescription order and which is prepackaged for use by consumers and labeled in accordance with the requirements of State and Federal law.
Before any prescribed medication may be administered to any student during school hours, the Board shall require the written instructions from the child’s practitioner accompanied by the written authorization of the parent.
Nonprescription drug products may be administered to any student during school hours only with the prior written consent of the parent. Substances, which are not FDA approved (i.e. natural products, food supplements), will require the written instruction of a practitioner and the written consent of the parent. Only those nonprescription drugs that are provided by the parent or guardian in the original manufacturers package which lists the ingredients and dosage in a legible format may be administered.
The document authorizing the administration of both prescribed medication and nonprescription drug products shall be kept on file in the administrative offices.
Only medication in its original container; labeled with the date, if a prescription; the student’s name; and the exact dosage will be administered. Parents, or students authorized in writing by their practitioner and parents, may administer medication.
No student is allowed to provide or sell any type of medication to another student. Violations of this rule will be considered violations of Policy 5530 – Drug Prevention and of the Student Code of Conduct.
Medications will be administered and the instruction and consent forms will be maintained in accordance with the District Administrator’s guidelines.
Any bus driver, staff member or volunteer, authorized in writing by the District Administrator or a principal, is immune from liability for his/her acts or omissions in administering medication including, but not limited to glucagon and epinephrine, unless the act or omission constitutes a high degree of negligence. Such immunity does not apply to health-care professionals.
All prescription medication shall be kept in a locked storage case in the school office.
The Board shall permit the administration by staff of any medication requiring a delivery method other than oral ingestion when both the medication and the procedure are prescribed by a practitioner and the delivery is under the supervision of a licensed nurse, provided that the staff member has completed any necessary training and that staff member voluntarily agrees to deliver the medication. No staff member, other than a health care professional, shall be required to administer medications that are administered by means other than oral ingestion.
Students who may require administration of a drug on an emergency basis may have such medication in their possession with written authorization of their parent.
Any staff member or volunteer who, in good faith, renders emergency care to a student is immune from civil liability for his/her acts or omissions in rendering such emergency care.
Any district administrator or principal who authorizes an employee or volunteer to administer a nonprescription drug product or prescription drug to a student is immune from civil liability for the act of authorization unless it constitutes a high degree of negligence or the administrator or principal authorizes a person who has not received the required Department of Public Instruction training to administer the nonprescription drug product or prescription drug to a student. School nurses, as district employees, are regulated by the Wisconsin Nurse Practice Act and are therefore not necessarily immune from civil liability.
The school nurse providing services or consultation on the District’s Emergency Nursing Services Plan has provided assistance in the development of this policy and will also provide a periodic review of the written instructions and consent forms and the Medications Administration Daily Log(s).
The District Administrator shall prepare administrative guidelines to ensure the proper implementation of the requirements of this policy.
© Neola 2011